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Bedrock Edition 1.18.0, also known as the Cave Update, is a major update to Bedrock Edition released on December 31, 2021. This update overhauled caves, as well as adding many features formerly exclusive to Java Edition. On Java Edition, Cave Update features were released gradually between versions 1.17 and 2.2.

Additions

Blocks

Astracia Block

  • A dark green block that generates as the primary building material of creeper pyramids.
  • When mined with a stone pickaxe or higher, drops 1-4 astracia shards.
  • Can be crafted from 4 astracia shards.
  • Creepers spawn on it more frequently.
  • Creepers prefer staying on this block.
  • Has slabs and stairs.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.2.

Badlands Gold Ore

  • A variant of gold ore found in badlands biomes instead of regular gold ore.
  • Uses a texture similar to emerald ore.
  • When mined with any pickaxe, drops 2-6 golden nuggets.
    • Can be smelted into a gold ingot if mined with Silk Touch.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.1.

Block of Bronze

  • Crafted from 9 bronze ingots.
  • Can be crafted into 9 bronze ingots.
  • Can be used as a beacon base block.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Copper Ore

  • Generates underground between y=1 and y=72, at a rate slightly higher than iron.
  • When mined with any pickaxe, drops itself.
  • Can be smelted into copper ingots.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Block of Copper

  • Crafted from 9 copper ingots.
  • Can be crafted into 9 copper ingots.
  • Turns bluish-green when placed underwater or exposed to rain.

Garnet, Amethyst, Aquamarine, Alexandrite, Peridot, Tourmaline, and Topaz Ores

  • Generates in veins underground between y=1 and y=16.
  • When mined with an iron pickaxe or higher, drops 1 of the corresponding item. Topaz ore may drop either yellow or blue topaz.
  • Generates once per chunk each.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.2.

Garnet, Amethyst, Aquamarine, Alexandrite, Peridot, Tourmaline, Yellow Topaz, and Blue Topaz Blocks

  • Crafted from 9 of the respective item.
  • Can be crafted into 9 of the respective item.
  • Can be used as beacon base blocks.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.2.

Limestone

  • Generates in veins underground between y=1 and y=128.
  • Only used for decoration.
  • Often replaces stone exposed to caves in deserts, badlands, and their variants.
  • Has slabs, stairs, and walls
  • Has a polished version, which has slabs and stairs
  • Added to Java Edition in 1.17.

Minecart with Furnace

  • Added to Bedrock Edition.
  • They have a GUI similar to furnaces.
  • Can be used to smelt items.
  • Cannot propel themselves and other minecarts.
  • Their function in Java Edition is changed to match Bedrock Edition in 2.0.

Moss Stone

  • A mossy variant of the stone block.
  • Generates in veins underground between y=32 and y=255 in swamps, dark forests, jungles, giant tree taigas, and their variants.
  • Can be crafted from stone and vines.
  • Has slabs and stairs.
  • When mined, drops mossy cobblestone.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Pumice slabs, stairs, and walls

  • Added to Bedrock Edition.
  • Slabs and stairs are added to JE in 1.17, but walls are added to JE in 2.0.

Polished pumice

  • A polished variant of the pumice block.
  • Has slabs and stairs.
  • Does not float in lava, unlike regular pumice.
  • Added to Java Edition in 1.17.

Ruby and Sapphire Ores

  • Generates underground between y=1 and y=16 in the Overworld.
  • Either 1 ruby vein or 1 sapphire vein generates per chunk.
  • Drops 1 ruby and 1 sapphire, respectively, when mined with an iron pickaxe or higher.
  • Rubies are more common in plains, birch forests, snowy tundras, savannas, mountains, jungles, deep oceans, mushroom fields, and their variants.
  • Sapphires are more common in forests, taigas, snowy taigas, giant tree taigas, dark forests, swamps, deserts, badlands, and their variants.
  • Everywhere else, the rate of rubies and sapphires are the same.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Ruby and Sapphire Blocks

  • Can be crafted from and into 9 rubies and 9 sapphires, respectively.
  • Can be used as beacon base blocks.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Salt Ore

  • Generates underground between y=32 and y=144 in the Overworld, at a rate similar to iron and copper.
  • When mined with any pickaxe, drops 1-5 salt.
  • Added to Java Edition in 1.17.

Block of Salt

  • Crafted from 4 salt.
  • Can be crafted into 4 salt.
  • Generates in salt licks in deserts and badlands.
  • Added to Java Edition in 1.17.

Sandstone Bricks

  • A brick variant of the sandstone block.
  • Crafted from 4 cut sandstone.
  • Can be made with a stonecutter.
  • Has slabs, stairs, and walls.
  • Has a red version (made from cut red sandstone), which also has slabs, stairs, and walls.
  • Added to Java Edition in 1.17. Sandstone brick walls were added to JE in 2.0.

Silver Ore

  • Generates between y=1 and y=32 in the Overworld, at a rate similar to gold.
  • When mined with an iron pickaxe or higher, drops itself.
  • Can be smelted into silver ingots.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.1.

Block of Silver

  • Crafted from 9 silver ingots.
  • Can be crafted into 9 silver ingots.
  • Can be used as a beacon base block.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.1.

Stalactites and stalagmites

  • Generate on the ceiling and ground of caves, respectively.
  • Comes in many variants.
  • Can be made from their respective blocks with a stonecutter.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Tin Ore

  • Generates underground between y=1 and y=64, at a rate similar to iron.
  • When mined with any pickaxe, drops itself.
  • Can be smelted into tin ingots.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Block of Tin

  • Crafted from 9 tin ingots.
  • Can be crafted into 9 tin ingots.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Items

Astracia Shard

  • Obtained by mining astracia blocks.
  • Can be found in loot chests in creeper pyramids.
  • Can be dropped rarely by charged creepers.
  • 4 astracia shards can be crafted into a block of astracia.
  • Cannot be used in any other way, but it is planned to be a brewing ingredient.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.2.

Bronze Ingot

  • Obtained by combining a copper ingot and a tin ingot in a crafting table or smithing table.
  • Can be crafted into a block of bronze.
  • Can be crafted into bronze tools and armor.
  • Can be used as a beacon payment item.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Bronze Armor

  • Crafted from bronze ingots.
  • Has the same durability and enchantability as iron armor.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Bronze Axe, Hoe, Pickaxe, Shovel, and Sword

  • Crafted from bronze ingots.
  • Has the same durability, mining level, and breaking multiplier as iron.
  • Has the same enchantability as wood or netherite.
  • Deals the same amount of damage as their iron counterparts.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Can of Water

  • Obtained by filling a tin can with water.
  • Can be drank, but has no effect.
  • Can be crafted with sugar and yeast to make a can of soda.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Can of Soda

  • Can be crafted from a can of water, sugar, and yeast.
  • When drank, restores 1-2 hunger.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Cheese

  • Crafted from 1 milk and 1 salt.
  • When eaten, restores 5 hunger.
  • Added to Java Edition in 1.17.

Goat Cheese

  • Crafted from 1 goat milk and 1 salt.
  • When eaten, restores 6 hunger.
  • Added to Java Edition in 1.17.

Copper Ingot

  • Obtained by smelting copper ore.
  • Can be crafted from or into copper blocks or copper nuggets.
  • Can be combined with tin ingots in a crafting table or smithing table to make bronze ingots.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Copper Nugget

  • 9 can be crafted from or into a copper ingot.
  • Can be crafted into copper wire.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Copper Wire

  • Can be crafted from 3 copper nuggets.
  • Currently non-functional, but planned to have a use later.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Garnet, Amethyst, Aquamarine, Alexandrite, Peridot, Tourmaline, Yellow Topaz, and Blue Topaz

  • Obtained by mining their respective ores with an iron pickaxe or higher.
  • Can be crafted into their respective blocks.
  • Can be used as beacon payment items.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.2.

Mining Hat

  • Occasionally dropped by cavemen.
  • Can be worn in the helmet slot.
  • When worn, gives the player 2 armor points.
  • When worn, provides lighting around the player.

Ruby and Sapphire

  • Obtained by mining ruby and sapphire ores with an iron pickaxe or higher, respectively.
  • Can be crafted into tools, weapons, and armor with the same strength as diamond.
  • Can also be crafted into ruby and sapphire blocks, respectively.
  • Can be used as beacon payment items.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Ruby and Sapphire Armor

  • Crafted from rubies and sapphires, respectively.
  • Has the same durability and enchantability as diamond armor.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Ruby and Sapphire Axe, Hoe, Pickaxe, Shovel, and Sword

  • Crafted from rubies and sapphires, respectively.
  • Has the same durability, mining level, and enchantability as diamond.
  • Deals the same amount of damage as their diamond counterparts.
  • Has the same breaking multiplier as netherite.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Salt

  • Obtained by mining salt ore with any pickaxe, or smelting water buckets collected in any of the ocean biomes.
  • If a water bucket is collected in any ocean biome, attempting to place it in the Nether will result in salt as a dropped item.
  • Can be crafted into salt blocks, cheese, and goat cheese.
  • Added to Java Edition in 1.17.

Silver Ingot

  • Obtained by smelting silver ore.
  • Can be crafted from 9 silver nuggets.
  • Can be crafted into silver blocks, silver nuggets, armor, tools, weapons, and silver apples.
  • Can be used as a beacon payment item.

Silver Nugget

  • Can be crafted from silver ingots.
  • Can be smelted from silver armor, tools, and weapons.
  • 9 silver nuggets can be crafted into a silver ingot.
  • Can be crafted into silver potatoes.

Silver Apple

  • Crafted from 1 apple and 8 silver ingots.
  • When eaten, restores 10 hunger.
  • When eaten, gives the player Absorption I for 1 minute and Regeneration I for 10 seconds.
  • Can be fed to horses with a similar effect to golden apples.
  • Cannot be used to cure zombie villagers.

Silver Potato

  • Crafted from 1 potato and 8 silver nuggets.
  • When eaten, restores 6 hunger.
  • Can be fed to horses with a similar effect to golden carrots.

Silver Armor

  • Crafted from silver ingots.
  • Has the same durability and enchantability as gold armor.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.1.

Silver Axe, Hoe, Pickaxe, Shovel, and Sword

  • Crafted from silver ingots.
  • Has the same durability, mining level, and enchantability as gold.
  • Deals the same amount of damage as their stone counterparts.
  • Has a breaking multiplier that is between netherite and gold.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.1.

Tin Can

  • Can be crafted from 3 tin ingots in a V-shape.
  • Can be filled with water.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Tin Ingot

  • Obtained by smelting tin ore.
  • Can be crafted from or into tin blocks or tin nuggets.
  • Can be crafted into tin cans.
  • Can be combined with copper ingots in a crafting table or smithing table to make bronze ingots.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Tin Nugget

  • 9 can be crafted from or into a tin ingot.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Yeast

  • Can be found in loot chests in villages, dungeons, and creeper pyramids.
  • Can be used to make a can of soda.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Mobs

Cavemen

  • Have 20 health.
  • Spawn below y=40 in the Overworld where the light level is 9 or lower.
    • Spawn more frequently in mineshafts.
    • Spawn from spawners in cave lodges.
  • Usually spawn holding an iron pickaxe. Some may hold a diamond pickaxe or crossbow.
    • Their held item can be enchanted.
    • Witches can steal crossbows from cavemen. When that happens, the caveman becomes passive except to the witch, whom they attack with bare fists.
  • Always spawn with a mining hat.
    • Can spawn with other pieces of armor.
  • Can spawn riding or being followed by a cave spider.
  • Are neutral mobs.
    • Attack if the player attacks them or any nearby cave spider, mines any Overworld ore, or breaks or opens any chest, trapped chest, ender chest, barrel, shulker box, furnace, or blast furnace near them.
    • Attack any mob that attacks them or a nearby cave spider.
    • Attack witches without provocation.
    • Do not attack cave spiders at all.
  • Can pick up and actively seek out materials obtained from Overworld ores (including the bronze alloy).
  • Drop all items they pick up.
    • May drop their held item (damaged iron/diamond pickaxe or crossbow) and any armor they wear, including the mining hat.
  • They are not fire resistant, but do not catch fire from lava and can walk on it.
  • Those holding a pickaxe will try to find and mine ore blocks.
  • Run away from carved pumpkins and jack-o'-lanterns.
  • Do not attack and run away from players wearing carved pumpkins.
  • Can ride or be followed by cave spiders.
  • Often "feed" cave spiders with yeast.
    • This action can heal cave spiders.
  • Have skeleton and zombie variants, which behave similarly to regular cavemen.
    • Unlike regular cavemen, skeleton and zombie cavemen do not run away from jack-o'-lanterns, carved pumpkins, and players wearing them, and they treat cave spiders like other mobs.
    • Skeleton cavemen drop 0-2 bones along with regular caveman drops.
    • Zombie cavemen drop 0-2 rotten flesh along with regular caveman drops.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Illusioner

  • Added to Bedrock Edition.
  • Behaves similar to those in Java Edition.
  • One has a 1/2 chance of spawning in wave 6 of raids, and one riding a ravager has a 1/2 chance to replace an evoker riding a ravager in wave 7 of raids.

World generation

Structures

  • Cave lodges
    • Structures built mostly out of stone bricks.
    • Contain caveman spawners.
    • Contain loot chests filled with items and blocks derived from ores, including the ore blocks themselves.
    • Contain furnaces and blast furnaces, which may have loot inside.
    • Can generate underground, usually near caves or mineshafts.
    • Added to Java Edition in 2.1.
  • Creeper pyramids
    • Pyramid-shaped structures built out of astracia and populated by creepers.
    • Generate underground between y=16 and y=64.
    • A creeper face made out of obsidian can be found on the floor.
    • Creepers spawn here more frequently.
    • Creepers can spawn here in any light level.
    • Charged creepers can spawn naturally here.
    • Contains loot chests.
      • The loot in creeper pyramids is nearly identical to that of dungeons, with the exception of astracia shards, which can only generate in creeper pyramid loot chests.
    • Added to Java Edition in 2.2.
  • Salt licks
    • Patches where the ground is replaced with salt blocks. Can only generate on sand and red sand in desert and badlands biomes, and their variants.
    • Added to Java Edition in 1.17.

World types

  • Buffet worlds have been added to Bedrock Edition.
    • Functions similarly to those in Java Edition before 1.16.
  • Large biomes worlds have been added to Bedrock Edition.

Gameplay

Enchanting

  • Added new enchantment: Auto-Smelting
    • Enchanted books with Auto-Smelting can be found in loot chests in dungeons, creeper pyramids, and cave lodges.
    • When applied to a pickaxe, axe, shovel, or hoe, blocks whose drop can be smelted in a furnace will drop the smelted form when broken with the tool.
    • Cannot be applied by an enchanting table.
    • Mutually exclusive with Silk Touch and Fortune.
    • Added to Java Edition in 2.1.

Hardcore

  • A game option that grants the player only one life.
  • When one dies in a world with Hardcore enabled, one can respawn as a spectator.

Spectator mode

  • Added to Bedrock Edition.
  • Functions similarly to as in Java Edition.

Changes

Blocks

Beacon

  • Now accept bronze ingots, silver ingots, rubies, sapphires, garnet, amethyst, aquamarine, alexandrite, peridot, tourmaline, yellow topaz, and blue topaz as payment items.
  • Base pyramid can now be made of bronze, silver, ruby, sapphire, garnet, amethyst, aquamarine, alexandrite, peridot, tourmaline, yellow topaz, and blue topaz blocks.

Coarse Dirt

  • Now replaces dirt exposed to caves in giant tree taigas and their variants, shattered savannas, and shattered savanna plateaus.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.1.

Cobblestone

  • Can now generate in veins underground.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Magma Block

  • Can now replace stone near lava in caves.
  • Can now generate instead of stone around underground lava lakes.
  • Now slows the player down instead of damaging them if placed on top of blue ice.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.2.

Mossy Cobblestone

  • Can now generate in veins underground in swamps, dark forests, jungles, giant tree taigas, and their variants.
  • Cannot be smelted into moss stone.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Mushrooms

  • Now generate in caves more frequently in mushroom fields and mushroom field shores.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Packed Ice and Blue Ice

  • Now generate underground in veins in snowy tundra, snowy taiga, snowy beach, and frozen ocean biomes and their variants.
  • Can now replace stone exposed to caves in snowy tundra, snowy taiga, snowy beach, and frozen ocean biomes and their variants.
  • Can now replace stone exposed to caves above y=100 in mountains biomes and their variants.
  • Now produces water when broken without Silk Touch.
  • Added to Java Edition in 1.17.

Podzol

  • Now replaces dirt exposed to caves in giant tree taigas, jungles, and their variants (except Jungle Edge).
  • Can now spread to nearby dirt with bonemeal, and now decays into dirt in the same conditions as grass blocks and mycelium.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Pumice

  • Can now generate underground in veins.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Sandstone

  • Now generates in veins underground in all biomes of the Overworld except for deserts, badlands, and swamps, and their variants.
  • Can replace stone exposed to caves in desert and its variants, beach, snowy beach, river, and the ocean biomes.
  • Additionally, red sandstone can replace stone in badlands biomes and its variants.
  • Added to Java Edition in 1.17.

Sign

  • Text on signs can now be dyed.

Vines

  • Can now generate in caves in swamps, jungles, and their variants.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Items

Boat

  • The shovel in their crafting recipe is now optional.
    • It will soon be removed.

Dyes

  • Can now be used to dye leather armor in a crafting table.
  • Can now be used to dye text on signs.

Iron ingot

  • Can now be used to heal iron golems.

Leather armor

  • Can now be dyed in a crafting table.

Minecart with Command Block

  • Now has an impulse command block instead of a repeating one.
    • It still acts like a repeating command block.
  • Is now craftable with a minecart and a command block.

Mobs

Cave spiders

  • Can no longer be part of spider jockeys.
  • Now have 16 health, like regular spiders.
  • Now have unique sounds.
  • Are now neutral regardless of light level.
    • Can be provoked if the player attacks them or a nearby regular caveman.
    • Attack any mob which attacks them or a nearby regular caveman.
    • Attack witches, skeleton cavemen, and zombie cavemen without provocation.
    • Do not attack regular cavemen at all.
  • Now spawn in cave lodges and in caves near cavemen, as well as mineshafts.
  • Can now walk on, and no longer catch fire from, lava.
  • Now follow nearby cavemen.
  • Can now be ridden by cavemen.
  • Can now be healed by cavemen.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Creepers

  • Now spawn more frequently in creeper pyramids and on astracia.
  • Charged creepers can now spawn naturally, in creeper pyramids.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.2.

Endermen

  • Will now teleport away from projectiles.

Iron golems

  • Now have a "cracked" texture when below 3/4 of full health.
  • Can now be healed with iron ingots.

Wandering traders

  • Now drink milk (or sometimes goat milk if in a mountains biome) to remove invisibility at dawn.

Witches

  • Witches spawned outside swamp huts are now neutral, unless in a raid.
    • They attack cavemen and cave spiders without provocation.
  • Can now steal crossbows (but not pickaxes) from cavemen.
    • Cannot steal crossbows from players or other mobs.
    • Can also use crossbows against cavemen.
    • When a witch steals a crossbow from a caveman, the caveman becomes passive except to the witch being fought, whom they attack with their fist.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.
  • Can now heal illagers with splash potions in raids.

World generation

Dungeons

  • Completely redesigned.
  • Now comes in 3 different sizes: small, medium, and large.
  • Appear differently when generated in different biomes.
  • Their loot has been changed significantly.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Mineshafts

  • Now generate 212 times less frequently.
  • Cavemen spawn more frequently in mineshafts than in most caves.
  • Added to Java Edition in 2.0.

Villages

  • Yeast can now generate in some village loot chests.
  • Zombie sieges can spawn in villages once again.

Gameplay

Enchanting

  • Hoes can now receive the Unbreaking enchantment through an enchanting table.

Raids

  • Illagers can now join raids.
  • Illagers can now pick up ominous banners and become raid captains.
  • The number of waves in a raid is now determined by the level of the Bad Omen effect, as well as the difficulty.
  • The composition of raid waves now matches that of Java Edition, with the exception of an additional illusioner spawning in wave 6 and one riding a ravager replacing an evoker riding a ravager in wave 7.
  • Villagers now emit sweat particles during raids.

Trivia

  • This update has no Java Edition equivalent. In Java Edition, various Cave Update features were added between 1.17 and 2.2.
  • The build numbers for 1.18.0 betas are 1 and the first 11 prime numbers.
Fanmade Updates (template)








Bedrock:

Bedrock 1.4 | Bedrock Edition 1.18.0: Cave Update


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